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河南专升本公共英语语法解析——反义疑问句

2022-01-25 来源: 库课网校

  今天库课李老师继续为大家整理河南专升本公共英语语法解析反义疑问句,对于准备参加2022年河南专升本考试的考生来说,考生可在考前好好备考,争取考出高分。

  1、当陈述部分的主语是everybody,everyone,someone,nobody,no one,somebody等合成代词时,附加疑问句中的主语通常用they,但亦可用he,尤其是nobody,no one 等作主语,具有否定概念时。

  【例句】somebody phoned while i was out,didn't they/didn't he?我出去时有人给我打电话了,是这样吗?

  2、当陈述部分的主语是不定代词everything,nothing,anything,something或指示代词this,that,these,those时,反义疑问句中的主语一般用it。

  【例句】Everything is ready,isn't it?一切就绪了,是吗?

  3、当陈述部分出现i'm....时,反义疑问句用aren't i。

  【例句】i am as tall as your sister,aren't i我跟你姐一样高,对吗?

  4、当陈述句为there be结构时,反义疑问句用be there.....

  【例句】there's something wrong with your watch,isn't there?你的表有问题,对不对?

  5、当陈述部分为You'd like to+v.时,反义疑问句用wouldn't+主语。

  【例句】You 'd like to go with me,wouldn't you?你想跟我们一起去,对吗?

  6、当陈述部分出现否定前缀时,反义疑问句仍用否定。

  【例句】He was unsuccessful,wasn't he?他是不成功的,不是吗?

  7、当陈述部分为主从复合句时,反义疑问部分一般与主句保持一致。

  【例句】she says that i did it,doesn't she?她说我做了它,她说了吗?

  但是当陈述部分的主语是i,谓语是think,believe,suppose,expect这类动词时,附加疑问部分则往往与从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。

  【例句】i don't think she cares,doesn't she?我认为她不在意,是吗?

  但是,以lets开头的祈使句,附加疑问部分用shall we;以lets us 开头的祈使句,如果含义是allow us,不包括听话人在内,疑问部分用will you.

  【例句】Lets have a basketball match this afternoon,shall we?一起打篮球比赛,好吗?

  8、当陈述部分出现used to 时,反义疑问句用usedn't或didn't

  【例句】Tom used to live here ,usedn't he?汤姆以前住这儿,是吗?

  9、当陈述部分出现ought to时,反义疑问句用oughtn't或者shouldn't。

  【例句】He ought to know the answer,oughtn't he?他应该知道答案,对吗?

  10、当陈述部分出现wish,反义疑问句用may+主语

  【例句】i wish to have a chance to learn english,may i?我希望我有机会学习英语,行吗?

  11、当陈述部分出现表示“所有”含义的have(has)时,反义疑问句既可以用have形式,也可用do形式。

  【例句】you have a new bike,haven't you(或don't you)你有一辆新自行车,是吗?

  12、当陈述部分的主语是each of....结构时,反义疑问句用they/he

  13、弄清陈述句中的‘d rather=would ;rather=had better 附加疑问句部分前者用would,后者用had

  14、当陈述部分有had better+v.时,反义疑问句用hadn't you?

  【例句】You'd better read it by yourself,hadn't you?

  15、当陈述部分有would rather+v时,反义疑问句用wouldn't+主语

  【例句】he would rather read it ten times than recite it,wouldn't he?他宁可读十遍也不愿意背诵,是吗?


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