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河南专升本英语知识点汇总(疑问句、感叹句)

2022-01-26 来源: 库课网校

  反意疑问句

  (1)反意疑问句中问句部分的动词与陈述部分的动词种类和时态应保持一致。

  He has supper at home every day, doesn’t he? (不能用hasn’t he?)They have known the matter, haven’t they? (不能用don’t they?)They will go to town soon, won’t they? (不能用don’t they?或aren’t they?)

  (2)反意疑问句的陈述部分含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-等否定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述部分要视为肯定含义,问句部分用否定形式。

  Your father is unhappy, isn’t he? (不能用is he?)The man is dishonest, isn’t he? (不能用is he?)It is impossible to learn English without remembering more words, isn’t it? (不能用is it?)

  (3)反意疑问句的陈述部分带有little, few, never, hardly, seldom等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。

  She never tells a lie, does she? (不用doesn’t she?)He was seldom late, was he? (不用wasn’t he?)

  (4)反意疑问句的陈述部分为:I (We) (don’t) think (believe, suppose, consider) + that从句时,问句部分的动词及主语与that从句内的动词和主语保持一致。

  I think that he has done his best, hasn’t he?We think that English is very useful, isn’t it? (不用don’t we?)I don’t think that you can do it, can you? (不用do I?)We don’t believe that the news is true, is it? (不用do we?)

  (5)反意疑问句的陈述部分为:含有think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect等动词后接宾语从句构成的主从复合句在构成反意疑问句时,视情况不同有两种不同的构成方式。

  (即当主句是I think,I believe,I suppose, I imagine, I expect, I guess时要反问从句,其余句式均反问主句。)当主句的主语为第一人称时,其后的简短问句应与从句相一致。I expect our English teacher will be back this weekend, won’t she/he?We suppose you have finished the project, haven’t you?当主句的主语为第二、三人称时,其后的简短问句则应与主句相一致(此时,否定只看主句,与从句无关)Your sister supposes she needs no help, doesn’t she?You thought they could have completed the project, didn’t you?They don’t believe she’s an engineer, do they?She doesn’t expect that we are coming so soon, does she?但如果主句的时态是过去时等等,疑问句应和主句的人称时态保持一致。

  (6)当陈述部分为祈使句时,反意疑问句部分一般用will you?或won’t you?;陈述部分为否定祈使句时,问句部分一般用will you?形式。

  Do sit down, won’t you?/ will you? Please open the window, will you?/ won’t you? Don’t make any noise, will you?

  感叹句

  感叹句指的就是用以表示喜怒哀乐等强烈感情的句子。英语的感叹句通常以how和what开头,其中what修饰名词,how 修饰形容词、副词或动词。

  1. What引导的:(1) 句型一:What +a/an+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!(2) 句型一:What +可数名词复数+主语+谓语!(3) 句型一:What +不可数名词+主语+谓语!What a shame!What a surprise!What fools they are!

  2. How引导的:(1) 句型一:How+形容词或副词+主语+谓语!(2) 句型二:How +形容词+ a +单数可数名词+主语+谓语!(3) 句型三:How +主语+谓语!How well she plays!How tall a boy he is!How interesting a story it is!How I missed you!


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